Juvenile Diabetes: Early Symptoms, Causes, and Complications

Individuals who exhibit symptoms such as blurred vision and irrational change in body weight must consult a specialist at Kulsum International Hospital. The symptoms correlate with juvenile diabetes. An early diagnosis can help avoid complications. The specialist will conduct several tests to diagnose the disease and treat it accordingly.

It is a condition in which the pancreas produces less insulin, which hinders the overall functioning of the organs. The patient requires immediate medical attention to avoid kidney failure, blindness, and heart-related problems. People with a family history of diabetes are more likely to suffer from the condition. Treatment can help the patient manage the symptoms and function adequately in everyday life.

What symptoms correlate with juvenile diabetes?

The symptoms of juvenile diabetes are:

  • The patient remains thirsty all the time.
  • The patient has frequent urges to urinate.
  • The patient stays hungry all the time. The increase in appetite is the most common manifestation of juvenile diabetes.
  • The patient loses bodyweight without physical exertion.
  • The patient remains irritable. The family members observe extreme mood changes in the patient.
  • The patient can notice a vision change. The blurry vision correlates with diabetes.
  • The patient remains stressed and inactive.

What causes a person to suffer from juvenile diabetes?

The known causes of juvenile diabetes include:

  • The autoimmune damage to the islet cells of the pancreas affects the production of insulin.
  • People with blood relatives suffering from juvenile diabetes are more likely to develop the condition.
  • Children from age four to seven and ten to fourteen are more likely to develop the autoimmune disease.

What are the complications that correlate with the condition?

The complications that correlate with juvenile diabetes are:

  • The person diagnosed with juvenile diabetes is at a higher risk of developing a condition known as ketoacidosis. The condition can cause brain swelling. Therefore, urgent medical attention is required.
  • Patients with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing atherosclerosis. The condition can lead to microvascular and macrovascular problems.
  • Microvascular complications can damage the functioning of the eyes, nerves, and kidneys.
  • The macrovascular problems can cause hindrance in the functioning of the heart, brain, and blood vessels.
  • Diabetic patients are more prone to suffer from a stroke that can be life-threatening.

What are the tests that assist in diagnosing juvenile diabetes?

The tests that assist in diagnosing diabetes include:

  • HbA1c Test: The glycated blood sugar tests help get the average blood sugar levels for the past two to three months. The elevated levels indicate that the patient is diabetic.
  • Random Blood Sugar: The test is conducted at any time of the day to check if the blood sugar levels are above normal.
  • Fasting blood sugar: FBS test help detect the increase in glucose. The patient has to fast overnight to check abnormalities in the blood sugar levels.

What treatment is proven beneficial for juvenile diabetes?

The treatment has proven effective in managing the symptoms of diabetic patients are:

Insulin Replacement Therapy: Insulin is administered daily by injecting the hormone using an insulin pump to balance bodily functions and avoid complications.

Change in Dietary Intake: To maintain the blood sugar levels, the patient must prioritize their diet. Intake of simple proteins and vegetables can help the patient remain healthy. However, it is essential to avoid carbohydrates, complex protein, and food items that consist of artificial sweeteners and flavors.

The patients diagnosed with diabetes must visit an internal medicine specialist. The doctor will help the patient understand the complications associated with the condition. Moreover, the specialist will guide the individual regarding the treatment and lifestyle changes that will improve the quality of life. The treatment will have a positive impact on psychological and physical health.